Easy asparagus growing guide that will help you get plenty of harvest for decades. I love growing asparagus because it’s perennial. Asparagus is a delicious and nutritious vegetable that is easy to grow in my backyard garden.
Asparagus Growing Guide
Not only is asparagus a healthy addition to my diet, but it’s also a low-maintenance crop that provides me with an abundant harvest for many years. In this guide, I’ll walk you through the steps of preparing your soil, planting asparagus, caring for your plants, and harvesting your crop.
Preparing the Soil
The key to growing healthy and productive asparagus plants is to start with the right soil conditions. Asparagus prefers well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Here are the steps to prepare your soil for planting asparagus:
Choose the Right Location – Asparagus plants prefer full sun to thrive, so choose a spot in your garden that gets at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day.
Remove Any Weeds or Debris – Clear the planting area of any weeds, rocks, or debris that could interfere with root growth.
Test Your Soil – Use a soil testing kit to determine the pH level of your soil. Asparagus prefers a pH between 6.0 and 7.0.
Amend Your Soil – If your soil is too acidic, add lime to raise the pH. If it’s too alkaline, add sulfur to lower the pH. Mix in plenty of compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil structure and add nutrients.
How To Plant Asparagus
Asparagus is typically planted from crowns, which are the fleshy roots of a mature asparagus plant. This is the asparagus growing guide that I follow to plant asparagus crowns:
Choose the Right Variety – There are many varieties of asparagus to choose from, including green, purple, and white. Choose a variety that is suited to your climate and soil conditions.
Plant Your Crowns – Dig trenches that are 6-12 inches deep and 12-18 inches wide. Space your crowns 12-18 inches apart in the trench, with the crown buds facing up. Cover the crowns with 2-3 inches of soil.
Water Your Plants – Water your newly planted asparagus well and continue to water regularly throughout the growing season.
Asparagus Care and Maintenance
Asparagus is a low-maintenance crop, but it still requires some care to ensure healthy growth and a bountiful harvest. Here are the steps to caring for your asparagus plants:
Watering and Fertilizing – Asparagus plants require consistent moisture throughout the growing season. Water deeply once or twice a week, depending on the weather. Fertilize your plants with a balanced fertilizer in the spring and again in mid-summer.
Controlling Weeds – Mulch around your asparagus plants to help control weeds and retain soil moisture. Hand-pull any weeds that do appear.
Asparagus Pest and Disease
You need to prevent and manage pests and diseases – Asparagus beetles and aphids can be a problem for asparagus plants. Hand-pick any insects you see on your plants and spray with insecticidal soap if the infestation is severe.
Fungal diseases like rust and fusarium can also affect asparagus plants. Remove any infected foliage and dispose of it in the trash.
Asparagus plants typically take two to three years to mature before they can be harvested. Here are the steps to harvesting asparagus:
When to Harvest – Harvest asparagus when the spears are 6-8 inches tall and about the thickness of a pencil. Cut the spears at ground level using a sharp knife or scissors.
Harvesting Techniques – Gently snap the spear at its natural breaking point, rather than cutting it, to avoid damaging the crown. Be careful not to damage any emerging spears when harvesting.
Post-Harvest Care – After harvesting, allow the remaining spears to grow into tall ferns. These ferns will help to produce energy that will be stored in the roots for the next year’s harvest. Leave the ferns in place until they turn yellow and die back naturally in the fall.
Final Thoughts On Growing Asparagus
Growing asparagus in my backyard garden is a rewarding experience that provides me with a delicious and nutritious crop for years. By following the steps outlined in this asparagus growing guide, you can prepare your soil, plant your crowns, care for your plants, and harvest your asparagus with confidence.
Remember to be patient, as it may take a few years before you can enjoy a full harvest of asparagus.
With proper care, your asparagus plants will reward you with delicious and nutritious spears for many years. If you love gardening, don’t forget to follow me on Pinterest @multigardening for more awesome gardening posts.